What makes life live are wine, food and fine art (late post)

At the western coasts of Anatolia and eastern coasts of Greece a civilization sparked a fire of culture which will be transported through the ages, people and lands.

The greek architecture is based on their civic culture, they constructed theaters, library’s, stoas and many temples according to a scenenograph approach, which is a design approach by considering the environment around the building and applied by Greeks. We can say that there are some simple rules of constructing a building such as temples; same n, 2n+1 rule of columns is applied to any temple. When we examine the Acropolis we can see the same sceneographic approach and basic rules of constructing a temple. The Temple is constructed on a hill, where there was an old pagan temple, and the circulation is arranged according to a ceremonial path. The entrance of the acropolis also involves a different approach from the other temple sites, there is an entrance gate which is similar to a pylon in the egyptian architecture. In addition to that, the temple is oriented in a way that the three dimensionality is sensed and there is no way to experience only one facade which supports the perfection of perception. As a comparison we can also see the Artemis temple at Ephesus, the temple is elevated and since the dimensions are larger, a small temple is also constructed inside on a lower elevation in contrast of general approach.

In other examples of civic structures such as theaters same sceneographic approach is also repeated, theater usually constructed on a slope to obtain a stair levels for spectators. The theaters are known to be semi circular constructs but the angle is actually more than 180 degrees. Since they’re constructed on slopes and the temples constructed on hills the city planning was also generated organically due to the terrain and scenographic approach. We can also examine a different approach of city planning in contrast of this organic orientation, in the city of Prynne, the gridal formation sits on the sloppy terrain.

 

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